Interaction Process Coding Scheme (IPCS)

see Selected Publications 1, 4, and 14

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Bell, D. C., Bell, L. G., & Cornwell, C. S. (1982). Interaction Process Coding Scheme. Houston: University of Houston. Available from the authors and from ERIC (ED 248 420).

The IPCS is a coding scheme to capture the micro-processes of conversations such as interruptions and response patterns between family members. Coders work from tapes and transcripts; transcripts are unitized (clauses, fragments, pauses) and marked by speaker. The IPCS is used to code sentence and sub-sentence units and fragments. Each unit is coded as to the speaker and the person or persons toward whom the unit is directed. The IPCS provides measures of the general level of support and acknowledgment among family members, as well as specific relationship measures, e.g. mother to oldest child, etc. For Wave 1, the following scales were coded: (1) Topic - the function of each unit (e.g. floor control, giving information); (2) Orientation, Tense and Focus: whether it is a question, request, assertion, etc.; its focus (on behavior, feeling, idea, and whose); (3) Support - level of acceptance or rejection plus sad and anxious; and (4) Acknowledgment - level of validation given by family members to each other. Acknowledgment is coded at the statement level.